References

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  2. Budenz DL, Anderson DR, Feuer WJ, Beiser JA, Schiffman J, Parrish RK 2nd, Piltz-Seymour JR, Gordon MO, Kass MA . Detection and prognostic significance of optic disc hemorrhages during the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study.; Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study Group. Ophthalmology. 2006 December; 113(12): 2137–2143
  3. Prata TS, De Moraes CG, Teng CC, Tello C, Ritch R, Liebmann JM. Factors affecting rates of visual field progression in glaucoma patients with optic disc hemorrhage. Ophthalmology 2010;117:24-9
  4. Medeiros FA et al: Validation of a predictive model to estimate the risk of conversion from ocular hypertension to glaucoma. Arch Ophthalmol . 2005; 123:1351.1360
  5. M. Liebmann, MD Finding and Responding To Disc Hemorrhages Disc hemorrhages can be tough to spot, but they may herald disease progression—and it’s possible to improve your detection skills. Jeffrey, New York City Review of OphthalmologyVol. No: 17:4Issue: 4/1/2010 OCTOBER DIGITAL EDITION
  6. Rodrigo AngelucciI; Renata CanovasI; Jorge MitreII; José Ricardo Rehder Optic disc haemorrhage possibly secondary to posterior vitreous detachment Rev. bras. oftalmol. vol.66 no.4 Rio de Janeiro July/Aug. 2007
  7. Bengtsson B (Bengtsson, Boel) , Leske MC (Leske, M.Cristina) Yang Z (Yang, Zhongming), Heijl A Disc Hemorrhages and Treatment in the Early Manifest Glaucoma Trial 1OPHTHALMOLOGY 2008 Vol: 115 : 11:2044-2048
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  14. Louis Pasqual. Harvard Medical School Co-Director, Glaucoma Service Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary and Research Congdon 14 Glaucoma up date- Disc Hemorrhages. What do Know. What to do 6 the Annual Down east Ophthalmology Symposium Manchester 2007
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  17. Tokunaga T, Kashiwagi K, Tsumura T, Taguchi K, Tsukahara S. Association between nocturnal blood pressure reduction and progression of visual field defect in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or normal-tension glaucoma. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2004;48(4):380-5.
4th Edition - Sep 2017